The daunting issue of insufficient energy sources is a big problem for many industries. That is why in the last few years, the topic about natural gas fracking is becoming more and more popular for the masses. According to studies, there is a massive quantity of natural gas that is underneath massive shale rock structures deep into the earth surface. In fact, the shale gas reserves could produce more or less 190 trillion cubic meters of gas. China has the biggest reserve while US, Argentina and Mexico follow through respectively.
What is natural gas fracking?
The concept of fracking is not a new innovation, the approach was actually introduced in the 1980s but with the increasing demand for alternatives, the process is becoming more and more visible. In the US, natural gas production constitutes 34% of the gas production and it could rise well about 47% in the next 2 decades.
Fracking is a process of creating cracks on rock surfaces of utilizing natural cracks and injecting fluids and various chemicals under intense pressure, in order to break through natural oil and gas reservoirs deep into the earth's rocky surface. The process is now being weighed in the US and there might be new rules on this process to get natural gas into public hands. Numerous companies who will be utilizing this process would have to disclose the kinds of chemicals they use for drilling and this is a way to ensure high standards and to regulate the permit processing. Since there are numerous chemicals and proppant materials can be used in the fracking process, it is necessary to ensure that the companies are implementing the best and least hazardous practices that are deemed by the state as appropriate and feasible.
Through the process of fracking or fracturing, once the right location for the gas has been located, cracks are searched or they are made by means of drilling. After that fluids are injected including certain chemicals as well as sand in very high pressure. The purpose of that is the breaks the shale formations underneath the ground that encloses natural gas, according to the bureau of land management, 90% of the wells that are drilled on the public lands utilize the so called fracking technique.
What is natural gas fracking going to do with the immediate environment? According to studies, the production of natural gas on federal soil has increased immensely at 6% or more in the last few years. However, it is necessary to note that companies are expected to be transparent with their methodologies in fracking. Disclosure of chemicals used as well as their progress is necessary to prevent any form of leaks on the well, causing problems in nearby lands. Standardization is being pushed as a means to ensure that companies will adhere to acceptable rules or norms while at the same time
With the increasing demand for natural gas and the discovery of the massive Marcellus shale, it is becoming more and more important to have, more established regulations and standards to ensure that the process of extracting natural gas is kept safe.